Competitiveness and Environment Program
- CYMA (2004-2007), an initiative promoted by MINSALUD, MINAE, MIDEPLAN and GIZ as facilitator.
negotiation and cooperation process was led and facilitated among the institutions in relation to the development and implementation of the CYMA Program - Sustainable Change Management and the consolidation of stakeholder networks and key programs: i) requirements,
processes, resistance; ii) systemic concept and implementation; iii)
process architecture; iv) Strategic planning, harmonization, alignment of the operational plan and management.
Coordination function: public-private transversal axis (PPP); Strategic
Component of Planning and Legislation; Component of solid and municipal waste management.
The objective of evaluating Mr. Araya's performance within the CYMA Program was to improve the integral waste management through joint actions and strategies among different stakeholders in selected sectors.
(i) A development cooperation process was lead through technical-policy solutions, based on the architecture-design, implementation of a policy-regulatory process and actions focused
on the promotion of productive value chains in regards to Integral Waste Management (IWM). Among the main outcomes and achievements of impact are: a National Materials Handling Report 2006, the Integrated Waste Management Law (Act 8839 / Ley 8839 GIR), the
National Plan for Solid Waste Management (PRESOL), the Manual for the Elaboration of Municipal Plans for Integral Waste Management and its implementation in selected municipalities, and the Public Private Partnership (PPPs) between GTZ and Holcim (Costa Rica),
S.A., among others.
(ii) Public Private Partnership (PPPs) between GTZ
and Holcim (Costa Rica), S.A. (eg. Guidelines #2006), with a specific goal of increasing the acceptance
of waste co-processing in cement kilns in Costa Rica, as a viable clean technology alternative in the valorization and recovery of materials and energy, based on industrial waste. [Online] Available:
(iii) The multiplying impact, due to the outcomes obtained through the
CYMA Program, has facilitated the potential of identifying and attaining new types of Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) with shared goals and activities; particularly:
- With the
Costa Rican Agro-Industry, the potential was assessed and identified using energy based on organic waste (biomass) for the production of biofuels (among these considerations, the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) from the Kyoto Protocol) for the fruit production
and processing sectors (eg. Banana, pineapple, etc.). This was an opportunity to work jointly with the four leading agro-industrial groups of the Guapiles region (Mundimar-Chiquita, Demasa-División Palmito, Dole, Fructa Wessergold), in order to promote
cost-effective solutions and productive value chains with regional small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), towards an action plan of cleaner production in process industries (waste to energy and material recovery in the Costa Rican agroindustry).
- Intense lobbying for the development and start-up of Business Consortiums of Shared Responsibility to reply to a business model through a Costa Rican consortium for recovery of material flows,
for the management of post-consumption/industrial waste, such as: E-waste, tires, packing material (eg. PET, HDPE, glass, aluminium, polylaminates, cardboard and paper), used engine oil, biomass, industrial sludge (star), distillation tank sludge, agricultural plastics, end-of-life-vehicles management, among
others (eg. Going Green and Blue (case study): Three Lessons Learned from a Circular Partnership).
- Similarly, based on the lessons learned and the actions lead in CYMA, we have been invited to
assess the process of the Waste Management Act in Guatemala, as well as a Public Private Partnership.
(iv) Creation of an Institutional Platform of key stakeholders through joint efforts between the Costa Rica
Chamber of Commerce (CICR, UCCAEP, ACIPLAST, CCC, CACIA, AHK, CNAA), NGOs (eg. Costa Rica Cleaner Production Center – CNP+L, ACEPESA, and other), Large and Small and Medium Size Enterprises (such as: Sur Química, Intel, Pipasa, Dos Pinos,
Femsa/Coca Cola, Florida Bebidas, VICESA, Total PET, Gente Reciclando, Empaques Santa Ana, Bridgestone, ICE), Academia, the Ministry of Health (MINSALUD), the Ministry of the Environment, Energy and Telecommunications (MINAET), the Ministry of Planning and
Economic Development (MIDEPLAN), the Institute for Development and Municipal Advising (IFAM), and GTZ as the facilitator.
Within the main areas of actions that were lead, are: i) improvement of the policy-regulatory framework
conditions in regards to Integral Waste Management (IWM); ii) Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) as an instrument to strengthen the development of the country.
(v) The outcomes obtained to date from the CYMA Program,
are linked to other domestic/regional actions, in order to strengthen processes and align shared and common goals and activities, such as: National Plan for Development (PND), National Climate Change Strategy (ENCC/C-Neutral), Presidential Initiative
for Peace with Nature, local IADB-FOMIN Program, Sustainable Consumption and Production Policy, Central American Policy for Integral Waste Management promoted by the Central American Commission of Environment and Development (CCAD), Millennium Development
(vi) Monitoring of impact. Material Waste Management performance in Costa Rica: National Materials Handling Report 2006. CYMA-GTZ, CNP+L. San Jose, Costa Rica. Position: coordinator. [Online] Available:
(vii) Orientation Phase Design: Strategy Development Preparation–CYMA
Final Outcome: the creation of CYMA Program components and transversal axis to be implemented. The employed methodology was carried out through stakeholder dialogue and plenary decision-making sessions:
- Components: i) Cooperation, communication and dialogue; ii) Strategies, plans and legislation; iii) Municipal and Solid Waste Management; iv) Production and competitiveness.
- Transversal axis: i) Monitoring and Assessment; ii) Public Private Partnerships (PPP).
consultant (concept development) and local technical staff/expert (project management).